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4 Principles of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery

This article mainly introduces the principles of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery.

1.Aesthetic Principle of Principles of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery:

The aesthetic principle is the embodiment of the fundamental purpose of cosmetic surgery and a common goal pursued by cosmetic patients. Therefore, when designing a surgery, it is essential to follow the rules and principles of facial features’ proportions. The surgical design should be age-appropriate, emphasizing integrity and harmony, focusing on symmetry and balance. It is crucial to fully respect the patient’s desires, as well as various factors such as ethnicity, occupation, and era, striving to achieve the best aesthetic level in surgical aesthetics.

Principles of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery
Principles of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery

2.Integrity Principle of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery:

The human body is a complete and unified organism. If this is overlooked and only a specific area is operated on without considering the observation and design of the overall image and appearance, it often leads to more harm than good. Therefore, for cosmetic surgery on a specific area, the preoperative design should not only estimate the surgical procedure but also consider whether the surgery significantly improves the overall appearance and enhances it. If there are several obvious defects present simultaneously, it is advisable to consider performing cosmetic surgery on multiple different areas. If it cannot be completed at once, it can be done in stages.

Integrity Principle of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery
Integrity Principle of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery

3.Principle of Safety of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery:

In all surgeries, including cosmetic procedures, the safety of the patient’s life should always be the top priority. The increasing acceptance of minimally invasive surgeries challenges the traditional belief that larger and more complex cosmetic surgeries indicate the surgeon’s skill level. In cosmetic surgery, the primary focus should be on ensuring the safety of the patient’s life, considering their individual tolerance, existing conditions, equipment availability, and the technical expertise of the cosmetic facility. It is recommended to conduct surgeries that cannot be completed in a single session in stages, allowing for full recovery between procedures. Additionally, simpler techniques that can achieve satisfactory results without compromising safety and effectiveness should be preferred over complex surgical approaches.

4.Principle of Flexibility of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery:

Each tissue or organ in the human body is unique in its position, shape, and function, making surgical design and tissue adjustments crucial. Maintaining flexibility is essential during cosmetic surgery to preserve viable tissue and prevent irreversible damage. The principle of “less is more” should guide tissue removal, especially in uncertain situations, allowing for future adjustments. For instance, in eyelid cosmetic surgery, excessive skin removal can lead to complications like ectropion or eyelid retraction. In procedures like scar excision or flap transfer repair, excess skin should be delayed for removal until the final suturing stage to avoid complications from premature tissue removal.

Principle of Flexibility of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery
Principle of Flexibility of Incision Design in Cosmetic Surgery

The importance of surgical incision design lies in its impact on the outcome of the procedure. A well-planned incision can facilitate optimal access to the target area, minimize tissue trauma, and promote better healing. Factors such as the location of the incision, its length, and orientation are carefully considered to ensure precision and minimize scarring. Proper incision design is crucial in ensuring successful surgical outcomes, reducing the risk of complications, and promoting patient satisfaction. Surgeons must skillfully plan and execute incisions to achieve the desired results while prioritizing patient safety and well-being.

Neglecting the design of surgical incisions can lead to various risks and complications. Poorly planned incisions may impede access to the surgical site, increase the risk of tissue damage, and prolong the healing process. Inadequate incision design can also result in excessive scarring, infection, and post-operative pain for the patient. Surgeons must recognize the significance of thoughtful incision planning to ensure successful outcomes and minimize potential harm. Failure to prioritize proper incision design can compromise the effectiveness of the procedure, jeopardize patient safety, and diminish overall surgical success.

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